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All dogs are the descendants of wolves that lived in eastern Asia about 15,000 years ago.

Shiba Inu

There is honour in being a dog. – Aristotle

Shiba Inu puppy Canada

Bluecountry Joji

 Another member of the Spitz family, the Shiba Inu is the oldest native Japanese dog. His history reportedly goes back to the third century B.C. 

“Inu” is the Japanese word for dog but the meaning of “Shiba” is somewhat difficult to say with certainty. “Shiba” means brushwood in Japanese and refers to a type of tree or shrub that turns red in the fall. Some sources believe that the Shiba Inu is so named because the dogs hunted in the wild shrubs or alternatively, that the word refers to the most common colour of the Shiba which is similar to the red shrubs.

On the other side of this debate, in an old Nagano dialect, the word “Shiba” also means small and refers to the size of the Shiba as the smallest of the Japanese dogs. As a result, you may see Shiba Inu translated as “Little Brushwood Dog”.

The Shiba Inu is used to hunt small game although in the past he was bred for hunting large game. Today, his fox-like cunning, and alert, watchful attitude make him an effective guardian of home and family.

Photos displayed courtesy of Dianne Brydges, Bluecountry Shibas Reg’d, Alberta

 The Shiba Inu is the smallest of the Japanese dog breeds. Males stand 15.5 inches (39.5 cm) at the shoulder and females are 14.5 inches (36.5 cm).  He has a short, straight, waterproof double coat that comes in red, sesame, black and tan, and sometimes cream. All colours except cream have “urajiro” which is a cream coloured marking around the face, chest, and underside of the body. With his all-weather coat, the Shiba can withstand a wide range of temperatures but is best living indoors with his family.

Like all members of the Spitz family, the Shiba carries his tail curled up over his back. The Shiba can make a variety of sounds ranging from a normal bark to almost talking sounds. He is very particular and will clean and groom himself like a cat.

This dog has a confident, friendly, extroverted nature that has made him the most popular pet in Japan. Loyal and strongly intuitive, this is a family dog who needs human companionship and not a dog to be left alone for long periods.

Shiba Inu puppy Canada

Bluecountry Keio

Shiba Inu Adult Canada

Bluecountry Trooper

 Although Shibas are fine with children, a young dog may shy away from frightening situations to which he has not been exposed and so may avoid strange noisy kids. Children must be taught to respect the dog’s boundaries. No animal likes to be pursued or harassed and Shibas do know when they are being teased.

He may look more like a toy stuffed animal, but beware! Small he may be, but the Shiba Inu has a large dog personality in a small dog body! He is fiery, independent, strong-willed, stubborn, and territorial. As an owner, you must be in control. As with any dog, training and socialization is the key.

Training may be a challenge and should begin when he is a puppy. However, the Shiba is highly sensitive to physical discomfort, and overly firm or negative training methods will damage any chance of cooperation. And a Shiba never forgets! Be patient – consistent encouragement, praise and reward-based training are the most successful. Early socialization will help curb same sex dog aggression.

With a high activity level, the energetic and agile Shiba Inu needs lots of exercise and should have a secure fenced yard. The Shiba can never be safely off-leash due to their high prey drive and unfortunately those who are turned loose often meet a premature death by automobile.

Purina Hall of Fame CanaDogs

CKC Breed Standard

Breed Clubs

Shiba Inu Canada


Rescue Organizations

National Shiba Inu Rescue